The Lake Chad Basin Crisis

A country in crisis

Chad is the most underserved country in the Lake Chad Basin when it comes to humanitarian assistance.  

Having scored 118 out of 119 on the Global Hunger Index, the situation in Chad is classed as alarming. 87% of the rural population living below the poverty line.

Along with its neighbouring countries, Chad has been part of a Multinational Joint Task Force working against Boko Haram, an Islamic extremist group who reject all Western teaching.

But whilst Boko Haram attacks have been increasing in NigeriaNiger and Cameroon, in 2017 the group’s presence decreased in Chad. This has encouraged the Chadian government to tighten its borders, limiting both refugee movement and humanitarian access.

As of February 2018, it is estimated that 500,000 people are in need of humanitarian assistance and 157,000 have been forced from their homes within Chad.

Map showing Chad and key stats about refugee crisis

Where is Chad?

illustration Map showing Chad, Nigeria, Niger and Cameroon

Chad is a landlocked country on the edge of some the world’s most violent conflicts.

It shares a border with NigerNigeriaCameroon, the Central African Republic, Sudan and Libya.

In the north, you will find the Sahara Desert, an astonishing expanse of dust and flowing sand dunes.

The south is dominated by the Sudanian Savanna – a belt of tropical grassland that stretches from Nigeria to Ethiopia.

The crisis in Chad is complex. As well as the conflict with Boko Haram, Chad is also playing host to Central African and South Sudanese refugees from the east, and Chadian refugees who are returning from the Central African Republic.

How did ShelterBox help?

People carrying shelter kits in Chad

We worked with international aid agency, ICAHD (International Cooperation Action for Humanitarian Assistance and Development), to support families in Chad. Our work is now complete.

Our main four areas of focus were to:

  • Give families protection from extreme weather and violence
  • Increase safety and security
  • Reduce stress and anxiety
  • Increase social cohesion between host communities and displaced families

More from the Lake Chad Basin


We’re working in Cameroon, where thousands of families have fled conflict and are now living in Minawao Camp.


Niger is facing five major crises right now. Find out how we’re responding.


The conflict in Nigeria has been going on since 2009. Find out how we’re helping families to recover.