What is the forgotten crisis?

Also called the Boko Haram Crisis, the Lake Chad Basin Crisis affects some of the world’s poorest people.

Reaching across NigeriaCameroonNiger and Chad, it is a huge and complex humanitarian crisis with many causes.

Extreme poverty, underdevelopment and climate change are just some of the factors at play, alongside growing insecurity caused by Boko Haram attacks.

It is called the forgotten crisis because it receives little media attention from western countries. Read more to learn how we’re helping.

Map of Lake Chad and the surrounding countries

Where is Lake Chad?

Lake Chad is a freshwater lake that is located where Chad, Nigeria, Cameroon and Niger meet.

It was once one of the largest lakes in Africa, providing water for over 30 million people.

Historically, local people relied on the lake for their livelihoods, living on the plentiful fish and fertile land.

However, partly due to climate change rainfall and temperatures have become increasingly variable, including dramatically affecting the size of the lake.

This variability makes accessing livelihoods and food unreliable, reduces the ability of people to cope with shocks, and exposes them to conflict with others when rainfall changes the way that the land can be used.

Combined with years of violence, poverty, and human rights violations, people are trapped between climate and conflict.

Who is Boko Haram?

Boko Haram is an extremist militant group that opposes western education and influence in Nigeria.

The extremist group has raged violent conflict in Nigeria since 2009. It has further spread to the neighbouring countries of Chad, Cameroon and Niger.

But Boko Haram and the surrounding military offensive is just one of the driving factors in the Lake Chad Basin forcing people to flee their homes. Extreme poverty, underdevelopment and climate change are also at play in this forgotten crisis.

Boko Haram crisis explained
Woman and children sitting under a tree in Cameroon

How is ShelterBox helping?

9.7 million people are in need of urgent humanitarian aid in the Lake Chad region (source: Reliefweb).

Although this is a complex crisis, we have been working in the region since 2015, reaching thousands of vulnerable families – that’s families like Esther’s (pictured here).

ShelterBox is the sole provider of tents in Minawao displacement camp in the far North of Cameroon. Together with our partner IEDA Relief, we’ve supported over 100,000 refugees and internally displaced people (IDPs). We have provided tents, shelter kits, rope and tarpaulins, and other essential household items.

We have also supported people in the epicentre of the crisis. In Nigeria, we reached over 30,000 people together with our partner ACTED between 2018 and 2022.