The conflict in Mozambique

Read about the ongoing conflict in Mozambique and see how we’re helping.

The conflict in northern Mozambique is driving one of the world’s fastest-growing displacement crises.

The number of people fleeing their homes increased from 172,000 in April 2020 to over 732,000 people by May 2021 (source: OCHA).

Read on to find out what is happening in Mozambique and how we’re helping.

What is happening in Mozambique?

In October 2017, an extremist group launched attacks on the northern province of Cabo Delgado.

The group, known as Ahlu Sunna Wal-Jama, has since carried violent attacks on innocent people, government forces, and military installations.


In Cabo Delgado, nearly 1 in every 3 people are now internally displaced. Many have had to flee multiple times (source: RELIEFWEB).

The violent attacks have been concentrated on the coast of Cabo Delgado, from Pemba city to the Tanzanian border.

The violence has further increased, forcing people to flee to the neighbouring provinces of Niassa and Nampula.

Where is Mozambique?

Mozambique is a southern African nation.

With the Indian Ocean to the east, it is bordered by Tanzania to the north, Malawi, and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Eswatini (Swaziland) and South Africa to the southwest.

Mozambique has a population of approximately 28 million (INE, 2017). 68% live in rural areas and 60% live along the coastline. Livelihoods in Mozambique depend largely on natural resources.

It is estimated that 46.1% of the of the population is living below the poverty line (source: UNDP.ORG).

Mozambique map illustration

Who is affected by the conflict in Mozambique?

Woman carrying aid on her head in Mozambique

As of the 27th of July 2021, almost 120,000 people have been displaced from the coastal town of Palma since it came under attack in late March.

Over 540,000 displaced people in Northern Mozambique are still in urgent need of basic shelter and lack the most critical household items.

The situation is desperate and chaotic. More and more people arrive by foot, bus or boat every day across eight districts, making living conditions even more crammed and uninhabitable. On top of this, there is also an active cholera outbreak in some districts.

Communities bearing the brunt of this conflict need emergency shelter as soon as possible.

How is ShelterBox helping?

We have supported vulnerable communities together with our partner CARE Mozambique.

There were huge logistical challenges around delivering aid in Mozambique, but we’ve managed to reach people who urgently needed support.

We have provided shelter kits, blankets, solar lights, kitchen sets, sleeping mats, and mosquito nets to families who urgently need shelter and aid.

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